Phragmites australis - Phragmites, the common reed, is a large perennial grass found in wetlands throughout temperate and tropical regions of the world. Phragmites australis is sometimes regarded as the sole species of the genus Phragmites, though some botanists divide Phragmites australis into three or four species.
The leaves of the Cleavers plant ( Galium aparine ) have small hooked hairs that cause it to “cleave” to the fingers when touched, hence the name. Used as a flavoring in soups and stews. Roasted seeds are used as a coffee substitute. Cleavers is primarily used for urinary problems and fluid retention. Recommended for enlarged lymph nodes, tonsillitis, hepatitis, and snake bites. Herbal mixtures treat bladder problems, including bladder infections, kidney stones, and prostatitis.
Bristly Greenbrier Smilax hispida Lily family (Liliaceae) Description: This native woody vine is up to 10-20' long and provides shelter to birds; it climbs over adjacent shrubs or the lower branches of trees using tendrils. The woody stems are mostly green and round; lower stems are heavily armed with stout straight spines and stiff bristles, while upper stems have few, if any, spines. These spines and bristles become dark brown or black with age. The alternate leaves are up to 5" long and 4" across
Texas Native Plants Database - Smilax bona-nox, Cat-brier, inhabits thickets, dry woods, roadsides and fields of Texas, and south into Mexico. This rampant vine with slender underground stolons can stay low and rambling or climb extensively by tendrils. It has stout four-angled canes sporting green, black or brown spines at the nodes and internodes. The leaves, which are greatly variable in shape, remain evergreen. Good barrier vine. Beloved by 13 species of birds for food and cover.