Cherokee matrilineal kinship system. A child is related to his mother, & through her to his brothers & sisters. He is also related to his mother’s brothers, sisters & mother. A child is NOT related to his FATHER. The important male relative in a child’s life is his mother’s brother. White men who married Cherokee women were shocked to find they weren't considered to be related to their own children, & that mothers had control over the children not them. She was head of the family.