The Queen’s Android Marie-Antoinette’s dulcimer player, forerunner of the robot. Date: 1784, Paris, musée des Arts et Métiers This famous android was a collaborative effort by two Germans. Clockmaker Peter Kintzing created the mechanism and joiner David Roentgen crafted the cabinet; the dress dates from the 19th century. Automatons were in circulation and aroused much curiosity.
David Roentgen, cylinder-top desk, c. 1785. Commissioned by the king as a gift for Catherine II this desk features straight lines, geometrical marquetry and minimal use of gilt-bronze, all of which denote the Louis XVI style and the first phase of French Neoclassicism.