Tricuspid valve stenosis (TS) is mostly caused by rheumatic heart disease and is typically associated with other valvular involvement. TS can also be caused by the carcinoid syndrome and certain connective tissue diseases. Secondary causes of TS (e.g., tumors, thrombi) can also precipitate TS. Clinically, patients may be dyspneic with activity. There is jugular vein distention with a large a wave, indicating atrial contraction against a stiff tricuspid valve.
Anatomy of the Heart: Blood flow through the Heart and the Heart Valves involved.
Regurgitation occurs when blood flows back through the valve as the leaflets are closing or blood leaks through the leaflets when they should be completely closed. Learn about the types and how to deal with this heart condition.