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The Spice Islands, East Indonesia

Although at great cost to it's people, the Spice Islands, (aka The Moluccas or Maluku) played a significant part in the expansion of Europe and The Golden Era of Discovery. For more detail on the forts themselves there's a great site with here: http://www.spiceislandsforts.com/
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Gateway to Fort Revenge, Banda Island http://www.spiceislandsforts.com/the-bandas/fort-revenge/

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Graeme Dinnen

Arriving at Ay Island. Beautifully clear waters and only 30 minutes from Banda Neira by boat

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Graeme Dinnen

Looking east from Gunung Api over the airport on Banda Neira

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Graeme Dinnen

Fort Tolukko, Ternate A small yet well-preserved and well-kept fort, definitely worth the visit. Spanish from 1611 http://www.spiceislandsforts.com/the-clove-twins-ternate/fort-tolukko/

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Graeme Dinnen

What's left of the bastion walls at Fort Nassau, Banda Island

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Graeme Dinnen

The grassed remains of the bastion walls at Fort Nassau, Banda Island

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Graeme Dinnen

Fort Nassau in the Banda Islands was built in 1609 on foundations of a fort structure left by the Portuguese. The fort was where the Banda Islanders ambushed and killed Dutch Admiral Verhoeven and two dozen of his men. In 1621 the Dutch Governor Coen took his revenge by killing 15,000 of the 16,000 local inhabitants. Those that survived became slaves in their own plantations. For more info..... http://www.spiceislandsforts.com/the-bandas/fort-nassau/

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Graeme Dinnen

The oldest clove tree in the world is called ‘Afo’. For 400 years it has graced the slopes of Mount Gammalama, Ternate. Once standing 40 metres tall and 4 metres round the trunk, it remains a treasured sentinel. What is left of Afo today is surrounded by a protective wall as the locals, not appreciating its place in their history, once mistakenly hacked several branches off for firewood. The clove tree defied an empire…

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Graeme Dinnen

Only the walls remain of the small Dutch Fort Columbo (also known as Fort Kijk in den Pot) Built in 1664, destroyed by an earthquake in 1683 and now in ruins

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Graeme Dinnen

View from Fort Torre, Tidore. How many Portuguese soldiers or sailors looked at this view and wonder what on earth they were doing 8,000 miles from their families?

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Graeme Dinnen