Hannah Ton
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kunst in de middeleeuwen: Byzantijnse en vroegchristelijke kunst

kunst in de middeleeuwen: Byzantijnse en vroegchristelijke kunst

Byzantine quincunx church(Left) Perspective drawing of a quincunx, or five-domed, church, a church type of the second Golden Age based on the domed cross element; (right) plan of church, showing cross-in-square design.

Byzantine quincunx church(Left) Perspective drawing of a quincunx, or five-domed, church, a church type of the second Golden Age based on the domed cross element; (right) plan of church, showing cross-in-square design.

Notre Dame blueprint | Notre Dame Cathedral Floor Plan

Notre Dame blueprint | Notre Dame Cathedral Floor Plan

The Early Christian basilica

The Early Christian basilica

EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE- Reconstructed drawing of the basilica of S. Giovanni in Lateran, Rome, AD 313. It was built from an imperial palace. It consisted of five aisles, the central one was higher because to let the light in from a clerestory. Two rows of 15 huge columns created the colonnade of 75 meter long. The whole structure was covered with a wooden roof. At the end there was a large apse, where the clergy would sit. It is little of the original building left.

EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE- Reconstructed drawing of the basilica of S. Giovanni in Lateran, Rome, AD 313. It was built from an imperial palace. It consisted of five aisles, the central one was higher because to let the light in from a clerestory. Two rows of 15 huge columns created the colonnade of 75 meter long. The whole structure was covered with a wooden roof. At the end there was a large apse, where the clergy would sit. It is little of the original building left.

Section of the Bapistry of the Orthodox, Ravenna (458 AD)

Section of the Bapistry of the Orthodox, Ravenna (458 AD)

Plan of Hagia Sohpia, Constantinople (Istanbul) (532 - 537 AD) - Domed nave flanked by 2 semi-domes, makes it both linear in plan and square overall. A structural feat in Architecture - Loads are tranferred from the dome and pendentives to the buttresses, and from their to four stone piers, which are themselves buttressed. The semi-domes contribute little the the stability (firmitas) of the building, instead contributing to the 'vestuvas', by providing a linear plan within a square.

Plan of Hagia Sohpia, Constantinople (Istanbul) (532 - 537 AD) - Domed nave flanked by 2 semi-domes, makes it both linear in plan and square overall. A structural feat in Architecture - Loads are tranferred from the dome and pendentives to the buttresses, and from their to four stone piers, which are themselves buttressed. The semi-domes contribute little the the stability (firmitas) of the building, instead contributing to the 'vestuvas', by providing a linear plan within a square.

Pendentives - frequently used in Byzantine Architecture, to provide bracing support for domes.

Pendentives - frequently used in Byzantine Architecture, to provide bracing support for domes.

Old St. Peter, Rome

Old St. Peter, Rome

Dura Europos (Syria) - Housechurch 235 AD

Dura Europos (Syria) - Housechurch 235 AD