Eubie Blake - Level 1
Eubie Blake - Level 1 |Eubie Blake was a famous African-American ragtime pianist who was born on February 7, 1887, in Baltimore Maryland. As a young child, Blake showed natural musical talent and his mother encouraged him to learn to play the organ and piano with the hopes he would work as a musician and play in local churches.
Jackie "Moms" Mabley - Level 2
Jackie "Moms" Mabley - Level 2 |Loretta Mary Aiken, known to the world as Jackie "Moms" Mabley was an African-American comedian born on March 19, 1894, in Brevard, North Carolina. Jackie’s childhood was difficult, and at 14, she ran away to Cleveland, Ohio. There, she joined a traveling vaudeville show called Butterbeans and Susie, and the rest is history.
Harlem Riot 1935 - Level 1
Harlem Riot 1935 - Level 1 |The Harlem Riot of 1935 started on March 19 of the same year, in Kress Five and Dime. It started off when a 16-year-old Lino Rivera, was caught trying to steal a 10-cent pocketknife. Mrs. Margaret Mitchell witnessed Rivera being caught by two store employees and taken back to the store, presumably to be reprimanded.
Alexander Hamilton - Level 1
Alexander Hamilton - Level 1 | Alexander Hamilton was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and the 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury. He was born on January 11, 1755 or 57 in Nevis, West Indies.
Robert Abbott - Level 1
Robert Abbott - Level 1 |Robert Abbott was born in Frederica, on St. Simons Island, Georgia on November 24, 1870. His parents, Flora and Thomas Abbott had both been born in slavery. His father was a butler on the Charles Stevens Plantation and his mother a hairdresser in the Savannah Theater.
Gertrude Berg - Level 1
Gertrude Berg - Level 1 |Tillie Edelstein, known to the world as Gertrude Berg, was a Jewish-American star and writer of radio, stage, and television shows. She was born on October 3, 1899, in East Harlem, New York.
Ella Fitzgerald - Level 1
Ella Fitzgerald - Level 1 |In 1958 Fitzgerald was the first African American female to win at the inaugural show of the Grammys and won thirteen Grammy Awards in total in her lifetime. Ella received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1967. Ella Fitzgerald died on June 15, 1996, in Beverly Hills, CA.
Billie Holiday - Level 1
Billie Holiday - Level 1 |Billie Holiday, who rose to become one of America’s most loved jazz singers, led a life filled with triumphs and tragedies. Eleanora Fagan Gough—the future Billie Holiday—was born on April 7, 1915, in Philadelphia, PA. Her father, Clarence Holiday, left her mother when Eleanora was still a baby.
Duke Ellington - Level 1
Duke Ellington - Level 1 |"Duke" Ellington, an African-American composer, pianist, and leader of a jazz orchestra, was born on April 29, 1899, in Washington, D.C. His parents James Edward and Daisy Ellington were both pianists. By the age of seven, he was taking piano lessons.
Florence Mills - Level 3 - HR
Florence Mills - Level 3 - HR |Florence Mills was an African-American cabaret singer, dancer, and comedian known for her effervescent stage presence, delicate voice, and winsome, wide-eyed beauty. She was born on January 25, 1896, in Washington, D.C. as Florence Winfrey.
George Gershwin - Level 4
George Gershwin - Level 4 |In early 1937, George began to have headaches, memory lapses, and blackouts while performing. After visiting several doctors to get a diagnosis, they found that he had a very aggressive brain tumor. George sadly died at the young age of 38 on July 11, 1937, in Los Angeles, California. He is buried in Westchester Hills Cemetery in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York.
George Gershwin - Level 1
George Gershwin - Level 1 |George Gershwin was a Jewish-American composer, pianist, and painter, born on September 26, 1898, in Brooklyn, New York to parents Moise Gersowitz and Roza Broskina. They immigrated to the United States from Russia, fearing Nazi occupation. The family lived in Brooklyn, the Yiddish Theater District, and Harlem during George’s lifetime.
Hazel Scott - Level 3
Hazel Scott - Level 3 |Hazel Scott was one of the greatest jazz musicians you have never heard about. She was a spirited musician, and actress who used her place in the spotlight to advocate for racial justice. Hazel Dorothy Scott was born on June 11, 1920, in Port of Spain, in the Caribbean country of Trinidad and Tobago. Four years later, her family moved to the United States and settled in Harlem.
Jackie "Moms" Mabley - Level 2 - HR
Jackie "Moms" Mabley - Level 2 - HR |Jackie’s childhood was difficult, and at 14, she ran away to Cleveland, Ohio. There, she joined a traveling vaudeville show called Butterbeans and Susie, and the rest is history. In the early 1920s, she debuted at Harlem’s Cotton Club and by late 1930s, she became the first woman comedian to be featured at the Apollo Theater making $85 per week.
Harlem Hellfigthers - Level 3
Harlem Hellfigthers - Level 3 While we know them as the Harlem Hellfighters, these brave soldiers who fought many battles during World War I with honor and dignity were not always recognized and honored as they are today. The group was founded on June 2, 1913, as the 15th New York Colored Regiment, which was part of the National Guard