Molecular shapes

Discover the intriguing world of molecular shapes and structures. Learn about different molecular geometries and their significance in chemistry. Dive into the beauty and complexity of molecules.

Here are the steps for constructing a hybrid orbital diagram for ethylene. Step 1. Draw the Lewis structure for the molecule. Step 2. Use VSEPR theory to classify and determine the geometry around each central atom. Each carbon atom is an AX₃ system, so the geometry is trigonal planar. Step 3. Determine the hybridization that corresponds to this geometry. Trigonal planar geometry corresponds to sp² hybridization. Step 4. Draw the two carbon atoms side-by-side with their orbitals, Step 5…

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