Piet Mondrian - No. This is a famous illustration of positive and negative space by Piet Mondrian shows color in the positive, like the red in the top left corner, and negative in the white space all around.
Piet Zwart kleurenschema Vilmos Huszár was a Hungarian painter and designer. He lived in The Netherlands, where he was one of the founder members of the art movement De Stijl. Sort of similar to the earlier Gerrit Rietveld Red Blue Chair.