Ilya Repin (1844-1930) : Portrait of Countess Natalia Golovina, 1896
Barge Haulers on the Volga, by Ilya Repin. Completed in 1873, the painting was immediately banned for its stark depiction of the wealth-gap between Russia's peasants (which made up 90% of the population) and the Russian nobility.
Pelgrims van Ilya Repin
Ilya Repin "Sadko in the Underwater Kingdom" 1876 by Art & Vintage, via Flickr