Corn Poppy Seeds (Papaver rhoeas)
Corn Poppy (Papaver rhoeas) is a hardy, self-seeding annual that bears single, red flowers in early summer. This is a horticultural variety of the common European field poppy, which was immortalized in Flanders during World War I. Thomas Jefferson planted poppy seed flower in a Monticello oval flower bed in 1807. Sow Corn Poppy (Papaver rhoeas) seeds outdoors in mid-spring in a prepared seedbed and lightly cover with fine soil.
Sea Kale (Crambe maritima)
Thomas Jefferson first planted Sea Kale seed at Monticello in 1809 and continued cultivating this vegetable until 1822. Native to the seacoast of Great Britain, Western Europe, and the Black Sea, this hardy member of the cabbage family is grown for the early spring sprouts that arise from well-established plants (2 to 3 years old). The young leaves must be blanched, like celery or asparagus, to prevent a bitter flavour when cooked.
Cherokee Purple Tomato Seeds (Solanum lycopersicum cv.)
This Tennessee heirloom, sometimes called a black tomato, reputably originated from the Native Cherokee Indians before 1890. The unique color of the dark, dusky purple fruits carries through the flesh to the stem end. The large, highly flavorful fruits of the Cherokee Purple Tomato are smooth with slightly ridged shoulders. This is a disease-resistant, indeterminate variety. Approximately 35-40 Cherokee Purple tomato seeds per packet.
Giant Musselburgh Leeks Seeds (Allium ampeloprasum cv.)
The garden leek is a Mediterranean species that was cultivated by the Egyptians as early as 3,200 BCE. Thomas Jefferson planted a variety of Flag Leek in his vegetable garden at Monticello in 1812. The Giant Musselburgh Leek originated in England in the early. Approximately 150 Giant Musselburgh Leek seeds per packet.
Early Curled Siberian Kale Seeds (Brassica napus var. pabularia cv.)
This tender green, also known as Borecole and Headless Cabbage, is superior source of vitamins and iron, surpassing even spinach. Early Curled Siberian Kale is an extremely hardy and vigorous variety with blue-green, ruffled, tender leaves. Approximately 85-90 Early Curled Siberian Kale seeds per packet.
Early Jersey Wakefield Cabbage Seeds (Brassica oleracea var. capitata cv.)
Early Jersey Wakefield cabbage forms a compact, somewhat conical head up to 15" long and 7" wide with glaucous-green leaves. First grown in New Jersey in 1840, it is a fine early-heading variety with a sweet flavor and was popular in 19th-century markets. Approximately 80-85 Early Jersey Wakefield Cabbage seeds per packet.
Red Russian Kale Seeds (Brassica napus var. pabularia cv.)
Red Russian Kale, also called Ragged Jack, is an extremely cold-hardy variety that originated in Russia and was introduced to Canada around 1885. The highly attractive blue-green leaves have purple veins and stems, turn reddish-purple in cold weather, and have lightly-frilled edges. Approximately 100 Red Russian Kale seeds per packet.
Nutmeg Plant Seeds (Nigella sativa)
Also called Black Cumin, Black Seed, and Fennel Flower, this hardy annual has been grown for centuries for the aromatic seed, which has many culinary and medicinal uses. Nutmeg Plant bears feathery, finely cut leaves and delicate white to pale blue flowers. Approximately 70-90 Nutmeg Plant seeds per packet.
Long Island Cheese Winter Squash Seeds (Cucurbita moschata)
This Long Island heirloom was known as the original "Cheese Wheel". It has smooth, heavily ribbed, buff-colored skin with a deep orange, sweet flesh. This winter squash weighs 6-10 pounds, and is considered one of the best baking varieties and is excellent in pies. It also stores well. Approximately 16 Long Island Cheese Winter Squash seeds per packet.
Green Hubbard Winter Squash Seeds (Cucurbita maxima)
Green Hubbard Winter Squash fruits are bronze-green, 12-15 inches long, and the delicious flesh is golden yellow, thick, and fine-textured. Approximately 16 seeds per packet.
Anne Arundel Melon Seeds (Cucumis melo cv.)
The Anne Arundel melon appears to be a cross between a true smooth-skinned cantaloupe and a nutmeg-shaped muskmelon. When ripe, it has golden yellow skin and sweet, green flesh with a flavor similar to honeydew. Approximately 14-20 seeds per packet.
Rouge Demi-Longue de Chantenay Carrot Seeds (Daucus carota cv.)
The tender roots of the Rouge Demi-Longue de Chantenay Carrot are a beautiful deep orange and have an exquisite flavor. Also called Red-Cored Chantenay for the brilliant scarlet color of its core, it is considered superb for canning, freezing, or eating fresh. Approximately 115-120 chantenay carrots seeds per packet.
Yellow Pear Tomato Seeds (Solanum lycopersicum cv.)
This very old tomato dates to at least the early 1600's. The indeterminate vine continues producing clusters of beautiful, 1-2 inch, pear-shaped, lemon to golden yellow tomatoes throughout the season. Like the red and yellow cherry and plum tomatoes, the yellow pear tomato was used by early Americans more for preserving and pickling. Yellow Pear Tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum cv.) are very popular today for salads as well. Sow yellow pear tomato seeds indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost…
Early Blood Turnip-rooted Beet Seeds (Beta vulgaris cv.)
Early Blood Turnip-rooted Beet was introduced c. 1820; in Field and Garden Vegetables of America (1863), Fearing Burr noted its deep blood-red, "remarkably sweet and tender" flesh, its rapid growth, and popularity among market-gardeners. This variety bears edible, dark leaves with bright red stems, and stores well for winter use. Approximately 45-50 Early Blood Turnip-rooted Beet seeds per packet.
Red Wethersfield Onion Seeds (Allium cepa cv.)
The Red Wethersfield Onion is a 19th-century variety that derives its name from Wethersfield, Connecticut, where it reputably originated. It forms a large, flattened bulb 5" in diameter with purplish white, mildly pungent flesh. Approximately 40-50 Red Wethersfield Onion seeds per packet.
Thyme Seeds (Thymus vulgaris)
Thyme was first cultivated by the Assyrians and used to treat nightmares and short-windednessThis evergreen Mediterranean herb grows well in rock gardens, containers, and other well-drained garden locations, and the flowers attract pollinators. Approximately 280 Thyme seeds per packet.