Lion of God
The revered position of ʿAlī in Shia Islam made the association between the lion and ʿAlī one of holy proportions, many adding the nickname Asad Allāh (Lion of God) to ʿAlī's names, an epithet originally reserved for Ḥamzah ibn ‘Abdul-Muṭṭalib, the prophet's uncle.
1934 frontpage of the Turkish Cumhuriyet newspaper. Between 16 June and 2 July, Reza Pahlavi visited Turkey at the invitation of Kemal Atatürk. Attempts at close friendship and cooperation were made. Here, the šir-o-khoršhid represents Persia & the crescent with star Turkey.
A brass field 6-pounder
A brass field 6-pounder produced by the Bengal East Indian Company (Fort William at Calcutta) in 1806 for the Persian Qajar Army. The Lion and Sun motif is prominently featured. The cannon is currently kept in Russia. It was likely captured in 1812 in the battle at Aslanduz, when the Russian Army under General Pyotr Kotlyarevsky defeated the Persian Army. According to contemporary sources "the Russians captured 11 English casting cannons", although the amount could be up to 14 cannons.
The Lion and Sun as the Qajar royal emblem
In 1912, Player's Cigarettes, a British brand by John Player & Sons, issued a series of international flags and arms as a collectible inside the cigarettes' packages. This included Qajar Persia, and featured the Lion and Sun as its royal emblem, including Qajar crown.
Fatimid lion banner
The association of ʿAlī with a lion didn't start with the Safavids. It gained popularity among the Shia Fatimid state in the early 10th c. as described by Suleman and Flaskerud in the latter's "Visualizing Belief and Piety in Iranian Shiism". See the lion on this 11th c. Fatimid banner (Ahsmolean).
Safavid copper coin
The above image is a Safavid copper coin minted in Isfahan in 1703 AD, its obverse featuring the lion and sun image. Indeed, the Safavids combined both elements into a powerful symbol they subsequently incorporated as part of their royal insignia.
one tuman Iranian banknote
A one tūmān Iranian banknote from the Qajar period. Above the banknote is written: "Imperial bank of Iran". The banknote features the portrait of Nāṣir al-Dīn Shāh Qājār and the Lion and Sun symbol, which can also be seen on the stamp.
Silk flag of the Qajar Dynasty
A mid-19th century triangular silk flag of Persia, Qajar Dynasty. The edging bands are woven separately, and Quranic verses and pious invocations can be found on the edges. In the center, the Lion and Sun symbol. Source: "Islamic Textiles", p. 137 (1995) by Patricia Barker.
Battle Between Persians and Russians
"Battle Between Persians and Russians", an 1815 British painting currently at the Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg (Russia). An image from the Russo-Persian War (1804-1813), the Qajar soldiers brandish banners with the lion and sun as opposed to the Russian double-headed eagle.
Jean Chardin (1643-1713) was a French traveler who left for the East Indies in 1664 through Constantinople, reaching Persia early in 1666. In 1670, he returned to Paris and published his eyewitness accounts in his book "Le Couronnement de Soleiman Troisième". The first page of the book contains an image of a bright sun (Louis XIV) flanked by two lions, each with a sun on its back (the Safavid Persians).
Muḥammad Reza Beg
Ar plate from the Cabinet des Estampes shows a scene from the 1715 visit by the Persian delegation of Muḥammad Reza Beg to Versailles. The Safavid Persians bear the lion and sun (shir-o-khorshid) banner. Muḥammad Reza Beg was the ambassador to France during the reign of Safavid shah Ṣulṭān Ḥusayn (r. 1694-1722). Trade and friendship treaties were signed.
Two plates from the French "Gazette de France", published since 1631, show the Safavid banner being carried by the Persian delegation of Muḥammad Reza Beg during his visit to Versailles in 1715. The banner they're carrying features a lion and rising sun.