Post-Classical star and crescent

Collection by Omer Sayadi

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Omer Sayadi
'The Turkish People and Islam' as depicted in a French caricature Ottoman Flag, Ottoman Empire, Dutch Artists, French Artists, Warriors Standing, Frantisek Kupka, Turkish People, Research Images, Classical Antiquity

Hamidian massacres

In the 7th May 1904 issue of the French caricature magazine “L‘Assiette au Beurre”, the Czech artist Frantisek Kupka drew a caricature titled “Dieu Turc” (“Turkish God”). The black-faced Muslim warrior stands pugnaciously on a mountain of decapitated heads. In the sky, an allusion is made on the ḥūr al-ʿayn, the virgins of Paradise waiting for the Muslim martyr. The warrior's shield represents the Ottoman flag. The man symbolizes ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd I, a reference to the Hamidian massacres…

Post-Classical star and crescent Ottoman Flag, Sassanid, Classical Antiquity, Mint Coins, Dutch Artists, Fantasy Rpg, North Africa, Popular Culture, Coat Of Arms

Pre-Islamic Turkic moon god Ay Ata

The Zengid Atabegs of Mosul had their own intriguing representation of the crescent and star, a feature only attested on Mosul minted coins. The crescent and star were quite common among the Turkic dynasties of the time (12th-13th c.), but not in the form of a human figure. This anthropomorphic depiction of the moon is probably influenced by both Muslim astrology and Turkic mythology. The pre-Islamic Turkic moon god was known as Ay Ata (lit. "Moon Father"), hence the crown.

Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II’s troops besiege Constantinople in as seen in this Turkish. Mehmed The Conqueror, Fall Of Constantinople, Ottoman Turks, Sassanid, Classical Antiquity, Renaissance Art, Medieval Art, Ottoman Empire, 15th Century

Ottomans and Knights Hospitallers during the Siege of Rhodes (1480)

A late 15th c. illuminated manuscript by Guillaume Caoursin depicts the Ottomans and Knights Hospitallers during the Siege of Rhodes (1480). There're 3 blue crescents on the banner and a single one on every tent. This is one of the earliest depictions of the Ottoman crescent.

A Greek postcard from the late century depicts the Ottoman flag at the feet of a typical Greek, with six points similar to the Seal of Solomon. Ottoman Flag, Ottoman Empire, Seal Of Solomon, Sassanid, Turkish Army, Classical Antiquity, Dutch Artists, Weird World, 14th Century

Greek postcard

A Greek postcard from the late 19th century depicts the Ottoman flag at the feet of a typical Greek, with six points similar to the Seal of Solomon.

An 1897 Greek painting of the Battle of Velestino This was an important battle on the Thessalian front during the Greco-Ottoman war. The painter used realistic depictions of the Ottoman banners (red with white star) and their coat of arms below. Diorama, Turkic Languages, Golden Horde, Blue Green Eyes, Classical Antiquity, Sumerian, World History, Army History, Greek History

Battle of Velestino

An 1897 Greek painting of the Battle of Velestino (1897). This was an important battle on the Thessalian front during the Greco-Ottoman war. The painter used realistic depictions of the Ottoman banners (red with white crescent/5-pointed star) and their coat of arms below.

Post-Classical star and crescent Ottoman Flag, Homer Odyssey, Memphis City, Sassanid, Classical Antiquity, Dutch Artists, 14th Century, Airplanes, Flags

Battle of Gallipoli

During the Dardanelles Campaign, also known as the Battle of Gallipoli (1915-1916), Ottoman airplanes dropped pamphlets on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Urdu, Arabic and English to decrease their opponent's morale. Those opponents were mostly Australians, Indians and New Zealanders.

The Vinkhuijzen collection of military uniforms / Turkey, See McLean’s Turkish Army of Ottoman Flag, Ottoman Empire, Turkish Soldiers, Turkish Army, Military Costumes, Military Uniforms, Sassanid, Classical Antiquity, Dutch Artists

Military costume of Turkey

An 1812 illustration from Thomas McLean's work "The military costume of Turkey" subsequently adopted as part of the early 20th century Vinkhuijzen Collection of Military Uniforms. Notice the crescents on the Ottoman banners, as brass pole tops and on the mosque's minarets.

Yafa-Nablus Yolunun Km'sindeki demiryolu köprüsü Filistin 1903 Railway Bridge on the Km of the Jaffa-Nablus Road Palestine 1903 Ottoman Flag, Ottoman Empire, Sassanid, Classical Antiquity, Dutch Artists, 12th Century, North Africa, Pilgrimage, Popular Culture

Railway bridge

A railway bridge on the 32th km of the Jaffa-Nablus Road, Palestine, 1903. You can see many Ottoman flags, both large and small, all featuring a crescent and five-pointed star.

Post-Classical star and crescent Ottoman Flag, Ottoman Empire, Sassanid, Classical Antiquity, Crescents, Dutch Artists, 14th Century, North Africa, Popular Culture

Algerian Infantry Division

The 3rd Algerian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Army of Africa comprising of three regiments. It was led by general Joseph de Monsabert and its military flag featured three crescents. In August 1944, they landed in the Provence and retook Marseille. Their pennant still hangs inside the Notre-Dame de la Garde basilica of Marseille to recognize the efforts of the Algerian infantry. The division was disbanded in 1946.

Ottoman troops during the Balkan Wars. In addition, During the Balkan War, the comet was supposed to be seen again. Also, numerous thelogists said that "Lucky star of Turks is observed again. Bulgarians will be defeated. Ottoman Flag, Ottoman Empire, Semitic Languages, Turkish Army, Classical Antiquity, World War I, Wwi, Troops, Soldiers

Fedais

During the Balkan wars (1912-1913), the Ottomans embedded the so-called Fedais (Fidāʾīyūn) Volunteer Brigade, an infantry force of patriots and nationalists with a supportive, paramilitary role. The Fedais were usually employed by the Committee of Union and Progress, which would later give rise to the Young Turks. Below picture is a troop of Fedais in the Balkan brandishing a green flag with star and crescent.

An 1897 British depiction of bashi-bazouks on their way to fight the Greek rebels shows the Ottoman flag with an star. Ottoman Flag, Ottoman Empire, Sassanid, Turkish Army, Classical Antiquity, Dutch Artists, Weird World, 14th Century, North Africa

Bashi-Bazouks

An 1897 British depiction of bashi-bazouks on their way to fight the Greek rebels shows the Ottoman flag with an 8-pointed star.

Post-Classical star and crescent Ottoman Flag, Ottoman Empire, Naval Flags, Sassanid, Classical Antiquity, Dutch Artists, 12th Century, North Africa, Popular Culture

Maritime symbols

While infantry banners in the 16th and 17th centuries followed the Turkish Muslim military tradition with local variations, maritime symbols conformed with international customs, both for ships and their commanders, and Turkish naval flags were described in foreign literature. This image appears in the "Atlas Novus", engraved by J. B. Homann and published in Nürnberg in 1712.

Richard I of England used the star and crescent symbol in his seals. Ottoman Flag, Ottoman Empire, Sassanid, Classical Antiquity, Dutch Artists, 12th Century, North Africa, Byzantine, Popular Culture

Richard I of England

Richard I of England used the star and crescent symbol in his seals.

The crescent found its way into Mamluk Egypt by the c. From there, it spread across the Barbary Coast, where it became very popular. This portolan of Pietro Visconti shows the white banner with a red crescent of Tlemcen in present-day Algeria. Ottoman Flag, Barbary Coast, Sassanid, Classical Antiquity, Dutch Artists, 14th Century, Byzantine, Pilgrimage, Popular Culture

Banner of Tlemcen

The crescent found its way into Mamluk Egypt by the 14th c. From there, it spread across the Barbary Coast, where it became very popular. This portolan of Pietro Visconti (1325) shows the white banner with a red crescent of Tlemcen in present-day Algeria.

An Ottoman-era banner used by the defenders during the invasion of Bosnia and Herzegovina led by Josip Filipović (Austria-Hungary). It features Chapter 6 Verse 13 of the Qur'an and a crescent with an star - Museum of Military History in Vienna. Ottoman Flag, Sassanid, Classical Antiquity, Total War, Dutch Artists, 12th Century, Bosnia And Herzegovina, Defenders, North Africa

Invasion of Bosnia and Herzegovina led by Josip Filipović

An Ottoman-era banner used by the defenders during the invasion of Bosnia and Herzegovina led by Josip Filipović (Austria-Hungary). It features Chapter 6 Verse 13 of the Qur'an and a crescent with an 8-pointed star - Museum of Military History in Vienna.

The national flag of the Kingdom of Egypt was green with a white crescent between who's "horns" were three white stars. In the UK recognized Egypt's independence on condition that Fu’ād I change his title of sultan to king. Ottoman Flag, Sassanid, Classical Antiquity, Dutch Artists, 12th Century, National Flag, North Africa, Pilgrimage, Popular Culture

Kingdom of Egypt

The national flag of the Kingdom of Egypt (1922-1953) was green with a white crescent between who's "horns" were three white stars. In 1922, the UK recognized Egypt's independence on condition that Fu’ād I change his title of sultan to king.