Seal of Solomon
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Druze soldiers of the Israel Defence Forces
Druze soldiers of the Israel Defence Forces' Minorities Unit in 1948. They hold their ethno-religious flag, four horizontal stripes (respectively red, yellow, blue and white) and a green hoist triangle, but on which appears a Star of David.
The First Zionist Congress' emblem
In the 19th century, the hexagram became a symbol for, initially, the Zionist movement, and subsequently all Jews. It was indeed chosen to represent the First Zionist Congress in 1897, with 6 stars and a lion in it's center, designed by David Wolfsohn
An 11th c. talismanic scroll of Egyptian origin
A Seal of Solomon appearing on an 11th c. talismanic scroll of Egyptian origin. Centuries before block printing was used in Europe, it was used in the Muslim world to produce miniature texts consisting of prayers, incantations and Quranic verses that were kept in small boxes. The calligraphy style of this amulet is kufic. This scroll is currently at the MET Museum.
Regimental insignia of the 4th Tunisian Tirailleurs Regiment (4th RTT)
Regimental insignia of the 4th Tunisian Tirailleurs Regiment (4th RTT), an infantry regiment of the French Army of Africa since 1884. Their motto can be read on the insignia: "fī amān Allāh", or "under God's protection". It combines a red crescent with a gold Seal of Solomon. They famously participated in the Battle of Verdun (1917) and the Battle of Belvedere (1943), and were also dispatched in 1949 first to Cambodia and then to South Vietnam, where they served until 1955.
The Hala Sultan Tekke
The Hala Sultan Tekke, or Umm Ḥarām Mosque, is a mosque/mausoleum near the Cypriot city of Larnaca. During the 18th c., the Ottomans built the mosque around the tomb of Umm Ḥarām, a 7th c. Companion of the prophet Muḥammad who deceased at the site. The mosque also contains the tomb of Khadīja ʿĀdila, the grand-daughter of Rashīd Pāsha and wife of Ḥussayn ibn ʿAlī, who was exiled at the island . You can see the mosque's miḥrāb decorated with Seals of Solomon.
The flag of Zalengam
This is the flag of Zalengam, a proposed state for the Kuki people of Southeast Asia. The Kukis, several tribes within India, Bangladesh and Myanmar, live dispersed across international borders. The Kuki National Organization strives for an independent state. Their flag features a Star of David, though the majority of Kukis are Christian. Only a minority of Jewish Kukis claim descendance from the Israelite Tribe of Menasseh and form the Bnei Menashe with other Jews from the Chin and Mizo peoples
An Ottoman water flask
A beautiful late 15th c.-early 16th c. Ottoman water flask (matara in Turkish) made out of tombak, a brass alloy with high copper content. In the center, you can see a Seal of Solomon, not uncommon on Medieval Muslim drinking cups, flasks and other containers.
The imperial standard of Ethipian Emperor Haile Selassie
The imperial standard of Ethipian Emperor Haile Selassie (1892-1975) features St George on a background of the typical tri-colour scheme green, yellow and red. In each corner, there is a Seal of Solomon. During Selassie's funeral, his coffin was covered by this flag.
An Emirate of Granada army
A 13th c. manuscript illustration showing an Emirate of Granada army readying itself to besiege a Castilian castle. A Muslim warrior has a shield with several Seals of Solomon. From "Cantigas de Santa Maria", a collection of poems written during the reign of Alfonso X.
The 2nd Siege of Antioch
A French manuscript from the 13th c. (circa 1200) depicts Christian and Muslim knights clashing during the 2nd Siege of Antioch -Bibliothèque Nationale de France. A Seljuk knight has a red shield with a blue Seal of Solomon. A red banner with white crescent is also featured.
A 9th c. Abbasid bowl
A 9th c. Abbasid bowl with decoration in the Museum of Oriental Art - Rome. This type is one of the oldest examples in the Islamic world of an imitation of the much-valued T'ang Chinese porcelain. The decorative motif in the centre is a Seal of Solomon.
Second Battle of Ḥomṣ
A manuscript of Hayton of Coricos' Fleur des histoires de la terre d'Orient, 14th century, depicts Mamluk knights chasing their Mongol enemies during the Second Battle of Ḥomṣ (1281). The Mongols are seen brandishing a red banner with two Seals of Solomon. Although their army consisted mainly of Armenians and Georgians, it's possibly that the artist used a random Muslim symbol to represent the Mongol hordes. Another theory is that these Mongols were already influenced by Islamic culture.
An18th century Ottoman brass drinking cup
A beautiful 18th century Ottoman brass drinking cup. To have the Seal of Solomon on the bottom of a drinking cup was quite common among Muslims. In the Arabian Nights, Sindbad presented Hārūn al-Rashīd with such a cup, on which the Seal was engraved.
An early 9th century Abbasid wood panel
An early 9th century Abbasid wood panel beautifully decorated with a Seal of Solomon and other carvings. Probably from Baghdad, this panel functioned as a talisman, as was common on architectural surfaces in Muslim art. Currently at the MET Museum - New York.
The state flag of Morocco bears a green pentagram
A 1915 public declaration confirms that the state flag of Morocco bears a green pentagram on a red background, as adopted by king Yūsef when his country was subject to the rule of France. No mention is made of a hexagram. However, the pentagram in this case is still regarded as a Seal of Solomon.
A wrong depiction of the state flag of Morocco
Several editions of the famous French Larousse dictionaries feature a wrong depiction of the state flag of Morocco. The 1922 edition and 1934 edition both depict the flag bearing a green hexagram, giving rise to a lot of theories on the flag's actual symbolism. In reality, the Moroccan flag had a pentagram featured.
The Star of Creation
Some hexagrams are depicted with a dot in the middle. This is a religious occultist variation of the standard hexagram, in which the 6 points represent the 6 days of Creation and the middle 7th point is the day of Shabbat. This variation is called "The Star of Creation".
Ottoman caliph Salīm II
A talismanic shirt belonging to Ottoman caliph Salīm II (r. 1566-1574). The silk tunic is covered with Quranic verses, Seals of Solomon and intricate patters with magical letters and numbers. Superstition was generally high among the Ottomans, leading to the wearing of such clothes.
Talismanic shirt covered in a variety of scripts. They parallel a group of similar Ottoman shirts in the Topkapi Museum, dating from the 15th & 16th centuries, with the crescent and cypresses so common in 16th c. Ottoman styles. The Seal of Solomon is a common recurring image.
The keys to Algiers, capital of Algeria.
The keys to Algiers, capital of Algeria. They were seized by the French on the 5th of July 1830 and are now on display in the musée de l'Armée in Paris. The fact that the Seal of Solomon is engraved on the key is such a powerful symbol, a physical visualization of the wish to deter evil from entering the city and keep the devils and diseases out. It didn't, however, keep the French from seizing both the keys and the town.
The flag of Israel
Is the flag of Israel actually Jewish? The answer is no, not really. As historian Gershom Scholem said: "The hexagon is not a Jewish symbol, much less "the symbol of Judaism.” None of the marks of a true symbol nor its manner of origin… apply to it." The origins of David's Star/Solomon's Seal lie within the Muslim world, only to become a symbol for Judaism from the 19th century onward.