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Bust of Nerva, the 12th emperor and the first of the "Adoptive Emperors. He lived from November 8, 30 – January 27, 98, and ruled as Roman Emperor from 96 until his death. Nerva became emperor at the age of 65, after a lifetime of imperial service under the Flavians.

Nerva (Latin: Marcus Cocceius Nerva Caesar Augustus, 8 November 30 – 27 January was Roman Emperor from 96 to Nerva became Emperor at the age of sixty-five, after a lifetime of imperial service under Nero and the rulers of the Flavian dynasty.

Plautianus became so powerful that Roman Empress Julia Domna and Caracalla began to be concerned.  The marriage between Caracalla and Publia Fulvia Plautilla was not a happy one. In fact, Caracalla loathed both her and her father, threatening to kill them after becoming sole emperor. When Plautianus discovered this, he plotted to overthrow Severus' family.  When Plautianus' treachery was discovered, the imperial family summoned him to the palace and ordered his death on 22 January 205

Plautianus became so powerful that Roman Empress Julia Domna and Caracalla began to be concerned. The marriage between Caracalla and Publia Fulvia Plautilla was not a happy one. In fact, Caracalla loathed both her and her father, threatening to kill them after becoming sole emperor. When Plautianus discovered this, he plotted to overthrow Severus' family. When Plautianus' treachery was discovered, the imperial family summoned him to the palace and ordered his death on 22 January 205

After the defeat and death of the Roman emperor Philip the Arab in 249 CE, the empire endured over three decades of ineffective rulers. The glory days of Augustus, Vespasian and Trajan were long gone and the once powerful empire suffered both financially and militarily. There were constant attacks along the Danube River as well as in the eastern provinces. Finally, in 284 CE a man rose to the imperial throne who would completely change the face of the empire. His name was Diocletian.

Roman Emperor Diocletian

Head of the Roman emperor Diocletian, 284 - 305 CE (Istanbul Archaeology Museum).

Buste de Marc Aurel

9 Mind-Expanding Books Of Philosophy That Are Actually Readable (A Guide To Practical Philosophy)

Latin: Marcus Aurelius Antoninus 26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD) was Roman Emperor from 161 to He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in

2039 years ago, Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus was granted the title “Augustus” by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.    Augustus is considered the first emperor of the Roman Empire, which he ruled alone from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD.  "I found Rome a city of bricks and left it a city of marble."

January BC – Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus is granted the title Augustus by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.

White marble portrait of Roman emperor Severus Alexander, probably made during his reign of about 222-235. Sculptures such as this were used for imperial propaganda & spread throughout the empire. This one was probably made in Egypt.

Portrait of Severus Alexander CG 27480 Cairo Antiquity Museum Material: White Marble Size: Height: 23 cm Location: Luxor Excavation: The Antquities Service Excavations of Period, Reign of Alexander Severus AD)

Leo I –  aka Leo the Thracian. Eastern Emperor 457-474. Leo was selected by Aspar after the death of Marcian. Aspar assumed that he would be the power behind the throne, but Leo was not so easily controlled. To even out the Germanic influence, Leo allied w/ Zeno & his Isaurians, even marrying his daughter Ariadne to Zeno. Leo was the first emperor to legislate in Greek. He named Zeno’s son, Leo II, as his Caesar. Leo died of dysentery at the age of 73 in 474.

Leo I or Leo the Thracian. Eastern Roman emperor Leo allied with Zeno & his Isaurians even marrying his daughter Ariadne to Zeno. He named Zeno’s son, Leo II, as his Caesar. Leo died at the age of 73 in

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