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Hittite, cylindr seal, sun got, Emar, Damascus  1460-1190 BC National Museum

Hittite, cylindr seal, sun got, Emar, Damascus 1460-1190 BC National Museum

Hittite, seal, Kültepe- Kaniş 1800-1730 (Tahsin Özgüç) (Erdinç Bakla archive)

Hittite, seal, Kültepe- Kaniş 1800-1730 (Tahsin Özgüç) (Erdinç Bakla archive)

The Sumerians were the first known people to settle in Mesopotamia over 7,000 years ago, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (modern day Iraq). Sumer was often called the cradle of civilization. By the 4th millennium BC, it had established an advanced system writing, spectacular arts and architecture, astronomy and mathematics. The origin of the Sumerians remains a mystery till this day.

The Sumerians were the first known people to settle in Mesopotamia over 7,000 years ago, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (modern day Iraq). Sumer was often called the cradle of civilization. By the 4th millennium BC, it had established an advanced system writing, spectacular arts and architecture, astronomy and mathematics. The origin of the Sumerians remains a mystery till this day.

Ancient Babylonian Hematite Cylinder Seal - animal offering to Shamash (native Mesopotamian deity and the sun god in the Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian pantheons) - circa 1800 BC during the First Dynasty of Babylon 1894-1595 (?) BC

Ancient Babylonian Hematite Cylinder Seal - animal offering to Shamash (native Mesopotamian deity and the sun god in the Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian pantheons) - circa 1800 BC during the First Dynasty of Babylon 1894-1595 (?) BC

Hittite, cylinder seal on the cover (Tahsin Özgüç)  (Erdinç Bakla archive)

Hittite, cylinder seal on the cover (Tahsin Özgüç) (Erdinç Bakla archive)

Dur Sharrukin

Dur Sharrukin

Anatolie - Histoire des Hittites - Tudhaliya IV sous la protection du dieu Sharruma, bas-relief de Yazılıkaya.

Anatolie - Histoire des Hittites - Tudhaliya IV sous la protection du dieu Sharruma, bas-relief de Yazılıkaya.

ASSYRIAN: Relief sculpture of a dying lion from the Palace of Ashurbanipal,  NInevah, 650 BCE. British Museum, London. In around 627 BC after the death of its last great king Ashurbanipal, the Neo-Assyrian empire began to unravel due to a series of bitter civil wars, and Assyria was attacked by its former vassals, the Babylonians and Medes.

ASSYRIAN: Relief sculpture of a dying lion from the Palace of Ashurbanipal, NInevah, 650 BCE. British Museum, London. In around 627 BC after the death of its last great king Ashurbanipal, the Neo-Assyrian empire began to unravel due to a series of bitter civil wars, and Assyria was attacked by its former vassals, the Babylonians and Medes.

Göbekli Tepe- Urfa, Turkey, 9600 BC (11.600 years ago)  The megaliths here predate Stonehenge by 6,000 years. Photo: Erdinç Bakla, 2012.

Göbekli Tepe- Urfa, Turkey, 9600 BC (11.600 years ago) The megaliths here predate Stonehenge by 6,000 years. Photo: Erdinç Bakla, 2012.

Nineveh Palace. A harpist in Sennacherib's gardens. Stone bas-relief, 7th c. BC, Mesopotamia. British Museum

Nineveh Palace. A harpist in Sennacherib's gardens. Stone bas-relief, 7th c. BC, Mesopotamia. British Museum

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