June At the Tyuratam Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan SSR, the Manned Lunar Launch Vehicle is raised onto its launch pad for flight preparation for the 3 July 1969 launch attempt of with Cosmonauts Leonov Makarov on board to land on the Moon.
See how the first human spaceflight actually occurred when the Soviet Union launched cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1 on April Yuri Gagarin orbited the Earth for 108 minutes to usher in the age of human spaceflight
Buran and Space Shuttle. Buran (snow storm) flew only once, powered into orbit by the Energia. Unlike the NASA orbiter which had main engines on the orbiter itself in addition to the SRB's, the Buran received all of its boost into space from the Energia.