Leopards kill a Roman criminal in a Tunisian mosaic dating from the 200s CE. Some criminals who were set against predators in the arena were given weapons and expected to fight; others were simply bound and put at the mercy of the animals. The most famous group of “criminals” to be subjected to this punishment was the early Christian church.
Legionaries crossing the Danube on a pontoon bridge near Turnu Severin. Relief cast from Trajan's column, Rome.
Roman legionary. Relief. 2nd century AD. From a triumphal arch of Emperor Trajan. Neues Museum (New Museum). Berlin. Germany.
Bronze votive relief for Jupiter Sabazios showing the god with sceptre and patera in a naiskos, 2nd-3rd century A.D.
Tombstone carved in high relief on marble containing full-length portraits of a young woman and her older husband. From Via Statilia. 2nd quarter of 1st Century BCE. Rome: Museo Montemartini.