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The New York shirtwaist strike of 1909 was a labor strike primarily involving Jewish women working in New York shirtwaist factories. Led by Clara Lemlich and supported by the National Women's Trade Union League of America, the strike began in November 1909. In February 1910, the NWTUL settled with the factory owners, gaining improved wages, working conditions, and hours. The end of the strike was followed only a year later by the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire.

The New York shirtwaist strike of 1909 was a labor strike primarily involving Jewish women working in New York shirtwaist factories. Led by Clara Lemlich and supported by the National Women's Trade Union League of America, the strike began in November 1909. In February 1910, the NWTUL settled with the factory owners, gaining improved wages, working conditions, and hours. The end of the strike was followed only a year later by the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire.

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire - 3/25/1911

101 years on – The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire - 3/25/1911

Friday, March 25, 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire, New York’s landmark industrial disaster that killed 146 of the factory's 500 employees, most of them young immigrant women and girls of Italian and European Jewish descent. The tragedy sparked a nationwide debate about workers rights, representation and safety.

Friday, March 25, 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire, New York’s landmark industrial disaster that killed 146 of the factory's 500 employees, most of them young immigrant women and girls of Italian and European Jewish descent. The tragedy sparked a nationwide debate about workers rights, representation and safety.

Although the conditions of the Triangle Shirtwaist were better than most factories, there was only one exterior fire place.

Although the conditions of the Triangle Shirtwaist were better than most factories, there was only one exterior fire place.

A policeman overlooks charred rubble and corpses of workers after the Triangle Shirtwaist Co. fire in New York March 25, 1911. Horrified onlookers watched 100 years ago as workers leapt to their deaths from the raging fire in the garment factory. The disaster drew attention to inadequate fire regulations and poor working conditions in the city's sweatshops. (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

10 coisas que precisam ser ditas no Dia Internacional da Mulher

A policeman overlooks charred rubble and corpses of workers after the Triangle Shirtwaist Co. fire in New York March 25, 1911. Horrified onlookers watched 100 years ago as workers leapt to their deaths from the raging fire in the garment factory. The disaster drew attention to inadequate fire regulations and poor working conditions in the city's sweatshops. (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire made headlines across the nation.  This is from The Times Picayune in New Orleans

Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire

Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire made headlines across the nation. This is from The Times Picayune in New Orleans

Woman's cotton shirtwaist, c. 1900. The shirtwaist, based on men's shirts, appeared in women's fashion in the 1890s. The perfect complement to the new tailored suit and separates, it was available at every price, and soon was made with feminine touches like lace and embroidery. The shirtwaist was worn by college girls, office and factory workers, and for sports.

Woman's cotton shirtwaist, c. 1900. The shirtwaist, based on men's shirts, appeared in women's fashion in the 1890s. The perfect complement to the new tailored suit and separates, it was available at every price, and soon was made with feminine touches like lace and embroidery. The shirtwaist was worn by college girls, office and factory workers, and for sports.

Find out more about the history of Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on HISTORY.com

Find out more about the history of Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on HISTORY.com

Group of striking women - shirtwaist workers. NYC. 1909 Archival Fine Art Paper Print

Group of striking women - shirtwaist workers. NYC. 1909 Archival Fine Art Paper Print

This is another striking political cartoon by Thomas Dorgan of the New York Journal. His headline points to the idea that someone is responsible. However, the sign above the dead factory worker that says "operators wanted" could be interpreted as the company's need to immediately move on from the incident to hire new laborers and continue to make profit. This political message points not just to negligence, but to the sinister nature of capitalist factories.

This is another striking political cartoon by Thomas Dorgan of the New York Journal. His headline points to the idea that someone is responsible. However, the sign above the dead factory worker that says "operators wanted" could be interpreted as the company's need to immediately move on from the incident to hire new laborers and continue to make profit. This political message points not just to negligence, but to the sinister nature of capitalist factories.

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