The memorial to the Jewish inmates of the Berdichev ghetto. After the liberation of Berdichev on January 5, 1944, a Soviet Extraordinary State Commission opened the mass graves on the Berdichev-Vinnitsa Road as well as those along the Raigorodok Road.
Jewish children inside the Warsaw Ghetto hold up their hats for bits of food tossed over the wall by kind, and brave, passers-by. Anyone, Pole, Jew, or German, could face summary execution if caught throwing food into the Ghetto.
Abba Kovner, Jewish partisan leader and freedom fighter. In 1942 Kovner released a manifesto in the Vilna ghetto declaring that Hitler had decided to kill all the Jews of Europe and that it was best to fight the Nazis instead of "go like lambs to the slaughter." It was the first time such a notion had been declared in Europe. Kovner and others formed the United Partisan Organization, one of the first armed underground organizations in the Jewish ghettos.
Meagre meals distributed at Jewish schools in the Lodz Ghetto. Sadly, these children will be shipped to death camps and killed in gas chamber
The FPO (United Partisan Org) was founded on 21/1/42 in the Vilna Ghetto. Members of the FPO Staff Command Clockwise from the bottom right: Josef Glazman (Beitar), Abraham Chwojnik (Bund), Nissan Reznik (Hanoar Hatzioni), Yitzhak Wittenberg (Communist) and Abba Kovner (Hashomer Hatzair). The photograph in the middle is of the building in the Vilna Ghetto which housed the FPO headquarters.
Lukáš, František (1911-1996): Marion Podolier, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1942-1944, Soprano opera singer. Deported to the Theresienstadt Ghetto on September 12, 1942. Survived. Charcoal on paper 29.5X21 cm - On 4/12/41 Lukáš (who drew this portrait) was deported to Terezin. Click the pin to view gallery of portraits he drew of his fellow inmates