Agricultural Revolution

Collection by Susan Heep


During the 18th century, major improvements occurred in agricultural production. Many of these changes took place with leadership from England. Modern scientific farming methods brought about new tools and farming machines, new methods, improved crops, and superior livestock. Better roads, new canals, and wider trade connections allowed farm produce to find needed markets all across the globe.

Susan Heep
:::::::::: Vintage Photograph :::::::::: Woman Crofter carrying a Peat basket ~ Isle of Harris. Crofting is a form of land tenure and small-scale food production unique to the Scottish Highlands From: Tour Scotland Photographs, please visit Vintage Photographs, Vintage Photos, Antique Photos, Old Pictures, Old Photos, Isle Of Harris, Scotland History, Scottish Highlands, Scottish Clans
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Tour Scotland

Tour Scotland photographs and videos from my tours of Scotland. Photography and videography, both old and new, from beautiful Scotland, Scottish castles, seascapes, rivers, islands, landscapes, standing stones, lochs and glens.

Steam tractor driving a threshing mill, © Falkirk Museums: Licensor:www. Vintage Tractors, Vintage Farm, Agricultural Revolution, Tractor Pictures, Steam Tractor, Farm Day, History Of England, Steam Engine, Vintage Photos
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Scottish Engineering Hall of Fame

Scottish Engineering Hall of Fame

Print of Damey threshing machine with a rotary system, illustration from Dictionnaire

Swing Riots

The Swing Riots were a widespread uprising by agricultural workers; it began with the destruction of threshing machines in the Elham Valley area of East Kent in the summer of 1830, and by early December had spread throughout the whole of southern England and East Anglia.[1] As well as the attacks on the popularly hated, labour-displacing, threshing machines the protesters reinforced their demands with wage and tithe riots and by the destruction of objects of perceived oppression.

Rural Unrest in the the "Swing" riots

Rural Unrest in the 1830s: the "Swing" riots

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Timetoast's free timeline maker lets you create timelines online. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. How to make a timeline?

Agricultural Revolution timeline.

Timetoast's free timeline maker lets you create timelines online. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. How to make a timeline? Well, it's easy as toast!

Breeds of Livestock - Hereford Cattle — Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science

Breeds of Livestock - Hereford Cattle — Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science

Enclosure Movement History Of England, European History, World History, Agricultural Revolution, Ap Euro, Ap Human Geography, School Levels, How To Buy Land, Teaching History
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Enclosure Movement

Jethro Tull seed drill - History of agriculture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tull's 1762 Seed Drill

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TIL in the century Perus Guano (bird poo) market was so huge that they were able to free more than 25000 black saves and abolish a head tax on indigenous citizens. It was the country's largest source of revenue.


During the guano boom of the nineteenth century, the vast majority of seabird guano was harvested from Peruvian guano islands, but large quantities were also exported from the Caribbean, atolls in the Central Pacific, and islands off the coast of Namibia, Oman, Patagonia, and Baja California.

Charles Townshend, Viscount Townshend by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - Charles FitzRoy, Duke of Grafton - Wikipedia

Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend

Charles Townshend introduced to England the four-field crop rotation pioneered by farmers in the Waasland region in the early 18th century. He added the turnip and the clover to the traditional crop rotation and directed it to cover four individual fields. Wheat, barley, be planted in that order in each field. Year by year, the crops would be rotated around – moving up if they could, or going back down to the bottom if they were at the top.

Decaying hedges mark the lines of the straight field boundaries created by the 1768 Parliamentary Act of Enclosure of Boldron Moor, County Durham. Agricultural Revolution, Common People, Natural Resources, Hedges, Geology, Agriculture, Geography, 18th Century, Durham


Enclosure could be accomplished by buying the ground rights and all common rights to accomplish exclusive rights of use, which increased the value of the land. The other method was by passing laws causing or forcing enclosure, such as Parliamentary enclosure. The latter process of enclosure was sometimes accompanied by force, resistance, and bloodshed, and remains among the most controversial areas of agricultural and economic history in England.

1790 Portrait - Andrew Meikle Inventor of Threshing Machine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Agricultural Revolution, History Of England, Canvas Designs, Industrial Revolution, Mechanical Engineering, Inventions, Personality, November
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Andrew Meikle

Andrew Meikle (1719 – 27 November 1811) was a Scottish mechanical engineer credited with inventing the threshing machine, a device used to remove the outer husks from grains of wheat. He also had a hand in assisting Firbeck in the invention of the Rotherham Plough. This was regarded as one of the key developments of the British Agricultural Revolution in the late 18th century.

Crop rotation

Crop rotation