2.22.1941 - The first raid in the Jewish quarter. Amsterdam Jews were herded on the Jonas Daniel Meijer Square. On 19 February 1941, the Grüne Polizei raided IJssalon Koco in Amsterdam-South. The owners defended themselves by spraying ammonia on the invaders. As retaliation 425 Jewish men between 20 and 35 years were on 22 and 23 arrested February and transported to the Mauthausen concentration camp.

- The first raid in the Jewish quarter. Amsterdam Jews were herded on…

A Dutch woman welcoming German SS troops arriving in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, May 1940. Holland had an active Nazi party. During the war, Dutch Nazis collaborated closely with the Germans. A Dutch resistance developed almost immediately after the arrival of Hitler's troops.

[Photo] A Dutch woman welcoming German SS troops arriving in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, May 1940

A Dutch woman welcoming German SS troops arriving in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, May 1940 Photographer Jäger Source German Federal Archive

German soldier is attacked and arrested by Dutch citizens on the Rokin, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. (1945)

A German soldier is attacked by a group of Dutch civilians and members of the Dutch Resistance on the Rokin in Amsterdam during the liberation of the city from the German garrison as the Canadian Army rolled into the city.

Jewish quarter of Amsterdam

This is a picture of a Jewish ghetto in Amsterdam in during World War II. The wire fence shown separated them from the rest of society; the creation of Jewish ghettos was one of the ways Hitler made future concentration camps seem more normal.

the Jewish ghetto in Amsterdam, 1940s This is an example of the Jewish Ghettos used during World War II. The wire fence shown separated them from the rest of society.

This is a picture of a Jewish ghetto in Amsterdam in during World War II. The wire fence shown separated them from the rest of society; the creation of Jewish ghettos was one of the ways Hitler made future concentration camps seem more normal.

A Jewish family in the sports complex on the Olympiaplein in Amsterdam, awaiting deportation to Westerbork concentration camp. June 20th 1943.

A Jewish family in the sports complex on the Olympiaplein in Amsterdam, awaiting deportation to Westerbork Nazi concentration camp in north Holland.

'Razzia' in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Jews are being arrested and deported. February 22nd, 1942.

'Razzia' in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Jews are being arrested and deported.

1944-1945. Hunger Winter in Amsterdam. With no food and fuel to burn in their stoves citizens of Amsterdam are removing wood blocks from the rail road tracks of the line Amsterdam-Amstelveen-Aalsmeer. More than 20,000 people lost their lives in Amsterdam and the western part of the Netherlands during the winter of 1944-1945. #worldwar2 #Amsterdam #hongerwinter

Hunger Winter in Amsterdam. With no fuel to burn in their stoves, citizens of Amsterdam are removing wood blocks from the rail road tracks of the line Amsterdam-Amstelveen-Aalsmeer.

Dutch WW2 "Germany wins for Europe on all fronts."

Dutch Nazi poster:"Germany is winning on all fronts for Europe.

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