Figurines of ancient musicians, Assos of Troas, 4th century B.C. Behramkale, Turkey. These figurines were burial gifts found in the sarcophagi excavated in Assos cemetery dating to the Classical Period. They can be related to the cult of Dionysus. Several of these figurines are depicted as playing musical instruments such as flute, lyre, kithara and drum, while some are depicted as singing and dancing. Canakkale Museum of Archaeology, Turkey.
Side A: Two nude youths jumping together together accompanied by flute music; leapers at center, flautist at right, facing them, wearing a cloak (himation). Above the figures is the name “Kalipides”, and between the jumpers and the piper is the name “Aineas” (Aeneas). Below is the inscription “Leagros is handsome” (LEAGROS KALOS)
“Now the day was that day of the Apaturia which is called Koureotis. That custom of the festival, that each time involves the children, also then was observed: our fathers established to award us with prizes for poetry. And many poems of se veral poets were recited by us boys, and many of us sang the poems of Solon, which at that time had not gone out of fashion…” Plato, Timaeus 21b“The rhapso dic competitions have analogy with the fightings which the souls bear when...
The image shown above may represent the "mousikoi agones," or musical competitions, of the Panathenaic festival. In the center of the scene, a bearded man clad in an ankle-length white chiton stands on a "bema," or podium. Facing right, he holds a large seven-stringed kithara in this left hand. ca. 500-485 BC. Terracotta. No. 48.2107. (44 x 26.9 cm)
Terracotta neck-pelike (wine jar). Archaic. ca. 500 B.C. Greek, Attic. Musical contests: obverse, kithara player. The platforms on which the performers stand indicate that they are participating in musical competitions. The figure on the obverse holds a kithara, the type of lyre used for performances. His pose and the wreath he wears suggest that he may already have won.
Terracotta neck-pelike (wine jar). Archaic. ca. 500 B.C. Greek, Attic. Musical contests: reverse, youth singing to double flute. The platforms on which the performers stand indicate that they are participating in musical competitions. The figures on the reverse are entirely absorbed, the flute player within himself, the boy projecting toward his audience.